夏威夷华人

各种食物的英文名称大全,妈妈再也不用担心我不会点餐买菜了

一.水果


西红柿tomato;菠萝pineapple;西瓜watermelon;香蕉banana;柚子shaddock(pomelo);橙子orange;苹果apple;柠檬lemon;樱桃cherry;桃子peach;梨pear;枣Chinese date(去核枣pitted date);椰子coconut;草莓strawberry;树莓raspberry;蓝莓blueberry;黑莓blackberry;葡萄grape;甘蔗sugar cane;芒果mango;木瓜pawpaw或者papaya;杏子apricot;油桃nectarine;柿子persimmon;石榴pomegranate;榴莲jackfruit;槟榔果areca nut;西班牙产苦橙bitter orange;猕猴桃kiwi fruit or Chinese gooseberry;金橘cumquat;蟠桃flat peach;荔枝litchi;青梅greengage;山楂果haw;水蜜桃honeypeach;香瓜、甜瓜muskmelon;李子plum;杨梅waxberry red bayberry;桂圆longan;沙果crab apple;杨桃starfruit;枇杷loquat;柑橘tangerine;莲雾wax-apple;番石榴 guava

二.蔬菜、肉类


南瓜(倭瓜)pumpkin cushaw;甜玉米Sweet corn;牛肉beef;猪肉pork;羊肉mutton;羔羊肉lamb;鸡肉chicken;生菜、莴苣lettuce;白菜Chinese cabbage(celery cabbage);甘蓝、卷心菜cabbage;萝卜radish;胡萝卜carrot;韭菜leek;木耳agarics;豌豆pea;马铃薯(土豆)potato;黄瓜cucumber;苦瓜balsam pear;秋葵okra;洋葱onion;芹菜celery;芹菜杆celery sticks;地瓜sweet potato;蘑菇mushroom;橄榄olive;菠菜spinach;冬瓜(Chinese)wax gourd;莲藕lotusroot;紫菜laver;油菜cole rape;茄子eggplant;香菜caraway;枇杷loquat;青椒green pepper;四季豆、青刀豆garden bean;银耳silveryfungi;腱子肉tendon;肘子pork joint;茴香fennel(茴香油fenneloil 药用);鲤鱼carp;咸猪肉bacon;金针蘑needle mushroom;扁豆lentil;槟榔areca;牛蒡great burdock;水萝卜summer radish;竹笋bamboo shoot;艾蒿Chinese mugwort;绿豆mung bean;毛豆green soy bean;瘦肉lean meat;肥肉speck;黄花菜day lily(day lily bud);豆芽菜bean sprout;丝瓜towelgourd (注:在美国丝瓜或用来做丝瓜茎loofah洗澡的,不是食用的)

三.海鲜


虾仁Peeled Prawns;龙虾lobster;小龙虾crayfish;蟹crab;蟹足crab claws;小虾shrimp;对虾、大虾prawn;(烤)鱿鱼(toast)squid;海参sea cucumber;扇贝scallop;鲍鱼sea-ear abalone;小贝肉cockles;牡蛎oyster;鱼鳞scale;海蜇jellyfish;鳖、海龟turtle;蚬、蛤clam;鲅鱼culter;鲳鱼butterfish;虾籽shrimpegg;鲢鱼、银鲤鱼chubsilver carp;黄花鱼yellowcroaker

四.调味料


醋vinegar 酱油soy 盐salt加碘盐iodizedsalt 糖sugar 白糖refined sugar 酱soy sauce 沙拉salad 辣椒hot(red)pepper 胡椒(black)pepper 花椒wild pepper Chinese prickly ash powder 色拉油salad oil 调料fixing sauce seasoning 砂糖granulated sugar 红糖brown sugar 冰糖Rock Sugar 芝麻Sesame芝麻酱Sesame paste芝麻油Sesameoil 咖喱粉curry 番茄酱(汁)ketchup redeye 辣根horseradish 葱shallot (Spring onions)姜ginger 蒜garlic 料酒cookingwine 蚝油oystersauce 枸杞(枇杷,欧查果)medlar八角aniseed 酵母粉yeast barm Yellow pepper 黄椒肉桂cinnamon(在美国十分受欢迎,很多事物都有肉桂料)黄油butter 香草精vanilla extract(甜点必备) 面粉flour 洋葱onion

五.主食


三文治sandwich 米饭rice 粥congee(ricesoup)汤soup 饺子dumpling面条noodle 比萨饼pizza 方便面instant noodle 香肠sausage 面包bread黄油(白塔油)butter 茶叶蛋Tea eggs 油菜rape 饼干cookies咸菜(泡菜)pickle 馒头steamed bread 饼(蛋糕)cake 汉堡hamburger 火腿ham奶酪cheese 馄饨皮wonton skin 高筋面粉Strong flour 小麦wheat 大麦barley 青稞highlandbarley 高粱broomcorn(kaoliang)春卷Springrolls 芋头Taro 山药yam 鱼翅shark fin 黄花daylily松花蛋皮蛋preserved eggs 春卷spring roll 肉馅饼minced pie 糙米Brownrice 玉米corn 馅儿stuffing 开胃菜appetizer 面粉flour燕麦oat 白薯甘薯sweetpotato牛排steak 里脊肉fillet 凉粉bean jelly 糯米江米sticky ricerice 燕窝bird’s nest 粟Chinese corn 肉丸子meat balls 枳橙citrange 点心(中式)dim sum 淀粉starch蛋挞egg tart想

六.干果


腰果Cashew nuts 花生peanut 无花果fig 榛子filberthazel 栗子chestnut核桃walnut 杏仁almond 果脯preserved fruit 芋头taro 葡萄干raisincordial 开心果pistachion巴西果brazilnut 菱角,荸荠water chestnut (和国内食用法不同,做坚果食用)

七.酒水


红酒red wine 白酒white wine 白兰地brandy葡萄酒sherry 汽水(软饮料) soda (盐)汽水sparkling water 果汁juice 冰棒Ice-lolly啤酒beer 酸奶yoghurt 伏特加酒vodka 鸡尾酒cocktail豆奶soy milk豆浆soybeanmilk 七喜7 UP 麒麟(日本啤酒kirin)凉开水cold boiled water 汉斯啤酒Hans beer 浓缩果汁concentrated juice 冰镇啤酒iced(chilled ) beer 札幌(日本啤酒)Sapporo 爱尔啤酒(美国)ale A级牛奶grandA milk 班图酒bantubeer 半干雪利dry sark参水牛奶bluemilk 日本粗茶bancha 生啤酒draft beer 白啤酒white beer <苏格兰>大麦酒barley-bree 咖啡伴侣coffee mate

八.零食


饼干biscuit, 棒棒糖bonbon, 茶tea(沏茶make thetea), 话梅prune candied plum, 锅巴rice crust, 瓜子melon seed, 冰棒(冰果)ice(frozen)sucker,冰淇凌icecream, 防腐剂preservative,圣代冰淇淋sundae, 巧克力豆marble chocolate barley, 布丁pudding

九.中餐


烧饼 Clay oven rolls 油条 Fried bread stick 韭菜盒 Fried leek dumplings 水饺Boiled dumplings 蒸饺 Steamed dumplings 馒头 Steamed buns 割包 Steamed sandwich 饭团 Rice and vegetable roll 蛋饼 Egg cakes 皮蛋 100-year egg 咸鸭蛋 Salted duck egg 豆浆 Soybean milk饭类稀饭Riceporridge 白饭 Plainwhite rice 油饭Glutinous oil rice 糯米饭 Glutinousrice 卤肉饭 Braisedpork rice 蛋炒饭 Friedrice with egg 地瓜粥 Sweetpotato congee客饭 curryrice 咖喱饭friedrice 炒饭 plainrice 白饭 crispyrice面类馄饨面 Wonton & noodles 刀削面 Sliced noodles 麻辣面Spicy hot noodles麻酱面 Sesame paste noodles 鴨肉面 Duck with noodles 鱔魚面 Eel noodles 乌龙面 Seafood noodles 榨菜肉丝面 Pork , pickled mustard green noodles 牡蛎细面 Oyster thin noodles 板条 Flat noodles 米粉 Rice noodles 炒米粉 Fried rice noodles 冬粉Green bean noodle汤类鱼丸汤 Fishball soup 貢丸汤 Meatball soup 蛋花汤 Egg& vegetable soup 蛤蜊汤 Clamssoup 牡蛎汤 Oystersoup 紫菜汤 Seaweedsoup 酸辣汤 Sweet& sour soup 馄饨汤 Wontonsoup 猪肠汤 Porkintestine soup 肉羹汤 Porkthick soup 鱿鱼汤 Squidsoup 花枝羹 Squidthick soup

十.西餐、日本料理

French cuisine法国菜 today’s special 今日特餐 chef’s special 主厨特餐 buffet 自助餐 fast food 快餐specialty 招牌菜continental cuisine 欧式西餐aperitif 饭前酒 dim sum点心 Frenchfires炸薯条bakedpotato烘马铃薯 mashedpotatoes马铃薯泥omelette简蛋卷 pudding布丁pastries 甜点 pickledvegetables 泡菜 kimchi 韩国泡菜 crab meat 蟹肉 prawn 明虾 conch 海螺escargots 田螺braisedbeef 炖牛肉 bacon 熏肉 poached egg 荷包蛋 sunny side up 煎一面荷包蛋 over 煎两面荷包蛋 fried egg 煎蛋overeasy 煎半熟蛋 overhard 煎全熟蛋scramble eggs 炒蛋boiledegg 煮蛋 stonefire pot 石头火锅 sashi 日本竹筷 sake 日本米酒miso shiru 味噌汤roast meat 铁板烤肉 sashimi生鱼片 butter 奶油

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